Kodi mtundu woyamba wa atomiki ndi chiyani?
Kodi mtundu woyamba wa atomiki ndi chiyani?
Anonim

Rutherford chitsanzo cha atomu (ESAAQ)

Rutherford adachita zoyeserera zomwe zidapangitsa kuti malingaliro asinthe mozungulira atomu. Zake zatsopano chitsanzo anafotokoza za atomu ngati phata laling'ono, lowundana, loyimbidwa bwino lomwe limatchedwa nyukiliyasi yozunguliridwa ndi ma elekitironi opepuka, opanda chaji.

Ndiye, kodi chitsanzo choyambirira cha atomu chinali chiyani?

Thomson, yemwe adapeza electron mu 1897, adakonza za plum pudding chitsanzo cha atomu mu 1904 asanatulukire atomiki phata kuti muphatikizepo electron mu atomiki chitsanzo. Ku Thomson chitsanzo, ndi atomu amapangidwa ndi ma elekitironi (amene Thomson ankawatchabe kuti “corpuscles,” ngakhale kuti G. J.

ndani adapanga chitsanzo choyamba cha atomiki? Democritus

Pambuyo pake, funso ndilakuti, mitundu 5 ya atomiki ndi chiyani?

  • Chitsanzo cha Dalton (chitsanzo cha mpira wa Billiard)
  • Thomson model (Plum pudding model)
  • Lewis model (Cubical atomu model)
  • Nagaoka model (Saturnian model)
  • Rutherford chitsanzo (Planeti chitsanzo)
  • Mtundu wa Bohr (chitsanzo cha Rutherford-Bohr)
  • Mtundu wa Bohr-Sommerfeld (Mtundu Woyeretsedwa wa Bohr)
  • Mtundu wa Gryziński (wopanda kugwa)

Kodi atomu model ndi chiyani?

An atomu ndi kachigawo kakang'ono kwambiri pa chinthu chilichonse chomwe chimakhalabe ndi mawonekedwe a chinthucho. Niels Bohr anali wasayansi waku Denmark yemwe adayambitsa chitsanzo cha an atomu mu 1913. Bohr's chitsanzo imakhala ndi phata lapakati lozunguliridwa ndi tinthu ting'onoting'ono totchedwa ma elekitironi omwe akuzungulira phata lake mumtambo.

Yotchuka ndi mutu