Kodi ma elekitironi ali kutali bwanji ndi Nucleus?
Kodi ma elekitironi ali kutali bwanji ndi Nucleus?
Anonim

Ma electron zilidi kutali mbali ndiphata! Ngati titha kukulitsa atomu ya haidrojeni yosavuta kwambiri kuti ikhale yake phata (proton) anali kukula kwa basketball, ndiye yekha elekitironi zitha kupezeka pafupifupi 2 milesway.

Mwachidule, kodi ma elekitironi amatha kukhala pafupi ndi phata?

Ma electron pamilingo yamphamvu kwambiri, yomwe ili kutali kwambiri ndi phata, ndi Zambiri mphamvu. Iwo ali nawonso Zambiri orbitals ndi kuchuluka kotheka kwama elekitironi. Ma electron Pakutha kwa mphamvu ya atomu kumatchedwa valence ma elekitironi. Amazindikira zinthu zambiri za chinthu.

Komanso, pali chiyani pakati pa ma elekitironi ndi nyukiliyasi? Ma electron ndi anapeza mu zipolopolo kapena orbitals zomwe zimazungulira phata wa atomu. Mapulotoni ndi neutronsare anapeza mu phata. Iwo amasonkhana pamodzi pakati pa atomu.

Komanso dziwani, mtunda pakati pa proton ndi electron ndi wotani?

The elekitironi ndi protoni atomare wa haidrojeni wolekanitsidwa (pafupifupi) ndi a mtunda pafupifupi 5.3x10-11 m.

Chifukwa chiyani ma elekitironi ali kunja kwa phata?

Mosiyana ndi mapulotoni ndi ma neutroni, omwe ali mkati mwake phata mkatikati mwa atomu, ma elekitironi amapezeka kunja kwa phata. Chifukwa zotsutsana ndi magetsi zimakopana wina ndi mzake, zoipa ma elekitironi amakopeka ndi zabwino phata.

Yotchuka ndi mutu