Kodi tanthauzo la graph mu sayansi ndi chiyani?
Kodi tanthauzo la graph mu sayansi ndi chiyani?
Anonim

graph. dzina. Chithunzi chomwe chikuwonetsa ubale, womwe nthawi zambiri umagwira ntchito, pakati pa magulu awiri a manambala monga gulu la mfundo zomwe zimakhazikitsidwa ndi ubalewo. Amatchedwanso chiwembu. Chida chojambula, monga tchati cha chitumbuwa kapena bala graph, amagwiritsidwa ntchito kufotokoza maubwenzi ochulukirachulukira.

Momwemonso wina angafunse, kodi graph imatanthauza chiyani mu sayansi?

Asayansi matanthauzo a graph Chithunzi chosonyeza mgwirizano wa kuchuluka, makamaka chithunzi chotere chomwe mizere, mipiringidzo, kapena madera ofananira amayimira momwe kuchuluka kumadalira kapena kusinthira ndi mzake.

Komanso, tanthauzo la ma graph ochezeka ndi chiyani? Zithunzi ndi zojambula zomwe zimawonetsa masamu okhala ndi mizere, mawonekedwe, ndi mitundu. Zithunzi amadziwikanso kuti ma chart. Anthu amagwiritsa zithunzi kuyerekeza kuchuluka kwa zinthu kapena manambala ena. Zithunzi ndi zothandiza chifukwa zimakhala zosavuta kumva kusiyana ndi manambala ndi mawu okha.

Mofananamo, akufunsidwa, chomwe chimatchedwa graph?

Chithunzi tanthauzo. Teremuyo graph angatanthauze zinthu ziwiri zosiyana kotheratu. Apa, tikulozera ku tanthauzo lina la graph,ku a graph ndi liwu lina la network, mwachitsanzo, gulu la zinthu (kuyitanidwa vertices kapena nodes) zomwe zimagwirizanitsidwa pamodzi. Mgwirizano pakati pa vertices ndi kuyitanidwa m'mphepete kapena maulalo.

Kodi zitsanzo za ma graph ndi ziti?

Zinayi zofala mwina ndi mzere zithunzi, bar zithunzi ndi histograms, ma pie charts, ndi Cartesian zithunzi. Nthawi zambiri amagwiritsidwa ntchito, komanso zabwino kwambiri, pazinthu zosiyanasiyana. Mungagwiritse ntchito: Bar zithunzi kusonyeza manambala omwe ali odziyimira pawokha.

Yotchuka ndi mutu