Kodi njira yosavuta yozungulira ndi chiyani?
Kodi njira yosavuta yozungulira ndi chiyani?
Anonim

Mwachidule, a mndandanda wozungulira kumatanthauza kukhala ndi njira imodzi yokha yomwe madzi amatha kuyendamo. Kuchokera kutanthauzira uku, malamulo atatu a mndandanda wozungulira tsatirani: zigawo zonse zimagawana pakali pano; kukana kumawonjezera kufanana kwakukulu, kukana kwathunthu; ndipo kutsika kwamagetsi kumawonjezera kufananira ndi chiwopsezo chokulirapo.

Mofananamo, akufunsidwa, kodi dera losavuta ndi lotani?

Amagetsi dera ndi njira kapena chingwe chomwe magetsi amadutsa. Njirayo ikhoza kutsekedwa (kuphatikiza malekezero onse awiri), ndikupangitsa kuti ikhale yozungulira. A kutsekedwa dera imapangitsa kuti magetsi aziyenda. A dera losavuta haconductors, chosinthira, katundu ndi gwero lamagetsi.

Kupatula pamwambapa, pali kusiyana kotani pakati pa mndandanda ndi mabwalo ofanana? Pamene panopa kudzera aliyense wa zigawo zikuluzikulu mu series circuit ndi chimodzimodzi, voteji kudutsa mndandandacircuit ndi kuchuluka kwa ma voltages kudutsa gawo lililonse.Komabe, momwe zinthu zilili zosiyana mu parallelcircuits. Koma zonse zomwe zilipo tsopano ndi kuchuluka kwa mafunde omwe akuyenda m'chigawo chilichonse.

Pambuyo pake, wina angafunsenso, kodi zitsanzo zamagawo angapo ndi ziti?

Za chitsanzo, ngati mndandanda wozunguliraIli ndi ma resistor angapo, ma inductors, ndi ma capacitor, chilichonse mwa izi chitha kuphatikizidwa kuti chikhale ndi a dera yomwe ili ndi chopinga chimodzi chofanana, chothandizira chimodzi chofanana, ndi capacitor yofanana.

Ndi chiyani chomwe chimapanga dera losavuta?

A dera ndi njira yotsekedwa yomwe ma elekitironi amayenda kuti apereke mphamvu kunyumba kwanu ndi zamagetsi. Azosavuta zamagetsi dera muli gwero la mphamvu (batri), mawaya, ndi chopinga (babu lamagetsi). Mu a dera, ma elekitironi amayenda kuchokera mu batire, kudzera mu mawaya, ndi kulowa mu babu.

Yotchuka ndi mutu