Kodi ma asidi ofooka ndi ati?
Kodi ma asidi ofooka ndi ati?
Anonim

A asidi ofooka ndi a asidi zomwe sizimapanga ayoni ambiri a haidrojeni pamene zili mumsanganizo wamadzi. Ma asidi ofooka ali ndi pH yotsika kwambiri ndipo amagwiritsidwa ntchito kuti achepetse maziko amphamvu. Zitsanzo za ofooka zidulo zikuphatikizapo: acetic asidi vinyo wosasa, lactic asidi, citric asidi, ndi phosphoric asidi.

Dziwaninso kuti ma acid ofooka ndi ati?

A asidi ofooka ndi a asidi mankhwala amene samalekanitsa (kugawanika mu ayoni) kwathunthu mu njira yamadzi. Izi zikutanthauza kuti sapereka ma ayoni ake onse a haidrojeni m'madzi. Ma asidi ofooka nthawi zambiri amakhala ndi pH pakati pa 3 ndi 6. Acetic asidi (CH3COOH) ndi oxalic asidi (H2C2O4) ndi zitsanzo za ofooka zidulo.

Wina angafunsenso, kodi ma acid 7 amphamvu ndi maziko ake ndi ati? Pali ma acid 7 amphamvu: chloric acid, hydrobromic acidhydrochloric acid, hydroiodic acid, nitric acid, perchloric acid, ndi sulfuric acid. Kukhala m'gulu la ma asidi amphamvu sikukuwonetsa kuopsa kapena kuwononga asidi.

Choncho, asidi ofooka kwambiri ndi ati?

Citric acid

Kodi ma asidi amphamvu ndi ofooka ndi ati okhala ndi zitsanzo?

Zitsanzo za asidi amphamvu ndi hydrochloric asidi (HCl), perchloric asidi (HClO4), nitric asidi (HNO3) ndi sulfure asidi (H2SO4). A asidi ofooka ndi wodzilekanitsa pang'ono, ndi onse osayanjana nawo asidi ndi mankhwala ake dissociation kukhalapo, mu njira, mu mgwirizano wina ndi mzake.

Yotchuka ndi mutu